Implementing an effective loss prevention department can be a challenging undertaking in today’s retail environment. With the multitude of different business priorities, increased workloads, budget limitations, turnover issues, technological considerations, corporate agendas, and the many competitive aspects of the organizational landscape, our ability to find a formula for success is tested on a frequent basis. Reliable performance and positive results aren’t simply expected; they are fundamental to the vitality of the organization.
An effective loss prevention program is one that yields our intended results: reduced shrink and increased profitability for our company. However, finding those results is not always as simple as reading a compass and setting a path. Companies may take diverse approaches in their attempts to reach those goals. There are even different ways that we can forge a common path; and a multitude of philosophies can guide our defined program objectives.
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While one is not necessarily better than the next from a global perspective, certain styles may be better suited for a specific retailer and/or an explicit style of management. Each must fit the individual needs and requirements of the particular company where it is used.
Loss Prevention Department Goals Must Align with Those of the Company
When building a successful loss prevention department, our objectives must be attentive to the ultimate goals of the company and needs of the business. Our mission should be well defined, considering the values, beliefs and key strategies of the organization and the best approach within the parameters of that organizational structure.
Every company is unique. In addition to the obvious distinctions regarding size, location, customer base, product selection and other notable features, every organization is populated with diverse personalities, opinions, ideas, issues, opportunities, interests and other dynamic characteristics that guide the company direction—and ultimately the loss prevention program.
Despite these differences, certain common factors come into play when building an effective loss prevention department, all of which are essential when constructing a plan that leads to achievement and success:
- A Clearly Defined Mission and Focus. The mission and focus of the loss prevention department must be clear, understood and supported by all team members and business partners. Well-defined goals help to ensure that the mission and focus is maintained in all initiatives and actions by team members. All goals and incumbent strategies must align with the organizational mission, vision, and values.
- A Comprehensive and Clearly Articulated Plan. An effective loss prevention program will include a means to identify wants, needs, issues and goals; evaluation approaches and metrics; and prevention initiatives and methodologies. We should have a clear mission statement. Clearly defined (but realistic) goals and objectives should be specific and measurable. A strategy for achieving each goal should be developed and evolved into a tactical plan, and metrics should be formulated to help us to determine how we are doing. The program should be reviewed on a regular basis to evaluate and revise as necessary.
- Establishment of an Organizational Structure. The organizational structure of the loss prevention department will be shaped by our goals and objectives, coupled with our tactical plan. What positions are necessary to implement the plan? What responsibilities do we assign to each position? Well-defined roles should be addressed and comprehensive responsibilities outlined based on the program agenda and our available resources.
- Efficient Documentation and Reporting Procedures. As the size and complexity of the program increases, so does the need for written support and guidance. Effective design and accurate record-keeping are crucial elements that limit our exposures and increase our efficiencies. Well-documented activities and appropriate and consistent evaluation practices should be an ongoing aspect of the program.
- Quality Staff Committed to the Program. Staffing should be sufficient to carry out designated tasks, capable of performing required responsibilities, adequately supported and properly supervised. Training and development programs should be made available to support and encourage loss prevention career growth. Recruitment staff should be trained and coached on departmental needs, program functions and performance expectations.
- Full Support of Upper Management. The commitment of upper management provides the legitimacy, motivation and resources necessary to make the program successful. The loss prevention program must have the support of all levels within the organization, and must be enforced at all levels of the organization as well. By the same respect, the LP mission should also support the primary objectives of the organization as a whole.
- Strong Collaboration. Establishing sound working relationships with other departments and various business partners provides the cornerstone to any effective loss prevention program. Our strategies must successfully integrate company goals and business objectives. We must encourage involvement in development and decision making, effectively communicate, engage feedback, and recognize effort.
- Adequate Authority and Resources. The loss prevention department must have the resources necessary to carry out program initiatives and the power and credibility to influence company objectives and drive results.
- Engaging Training and Awareness Programs. The overall success of the program hinges on the ability to promote training and awareness at every level of the company. Informed employees make better partners and stronger advocates. Training materials that are interactive and cost effective can build greater support for the program. These efforts are most effective when incorporated into other training requirements and stressed as an integral part of the company’s way of doing business.
- Appropriate Auditing and Internal Controls. Conducting consistent and thorough due diligence reviews is essential to ensuring that our program is efficient and effective. Auditing and monitoring of our programs and controls within the parameters of our business objectives will consistently contribute to a successful compliance program.
- Compliance Mechanisms. An environment that encourages questions and provides a means of reporting issues safely and confidentially is crucial. Loss prevention must be accessible to everyone in the company, and should provide guidance and direction on how to handle questionable conduct, difficult situations and resolve issues. “Whistleblowing” protections, hotline programs and other tools that can help to facilitate such incidents protect our employees and our company.
- Accountability. The company should ensure that every employee understands that failure to comply with loss prevention policies and procedures will result in appropriate disciplinary actions, up to and including termination of employment. While the program must be supportive of our business needs and appropriately flexible to company objectives, it must also carry the respect necessary to remain relevant to the needs of the organization and the “teeth” necessary to demand compliance.
- Feedback. Feedback should be provided on a frequent and consistent basis to reinforce the objectives of the program, the participation of the employees, the achievements that have been accomplished and the challenges that lie ahead.
While each of these factors should be embedded into the fabric of a successful loss prevention department, other aspects will likely influence how the program is received, accepted, and ultimately recognized as a core component of the company culture.
First of all, the climate in which the initiative begins will set a tone for everything that follows. We have to be positive and upbeat in our presentation, open-minded in our approach, welcoming of constructive feedback, flexible where we can be and firm where we need to be. The right atmosphere will avoid some of the potential turbulence that can result when we introduce new ideas and alternative ways of accomplishing our goals. We have to develop processes that educate and open minds, manage conflict, establish credibility and develop trust.
The people who are part of our team have to fit the program, believe in the program, support the program and embrace the program. They must be willing and capable of carrying our message throughout the organization, possess the cooperation and diplomacy skills to work with others, creative and flexible in applying departmental initiatives, proficient with their skills and abilities and competent in completing the tasks that are necessary to make our program successful. They have to be accepted by the leadership that supports our programs, the different departments that make up the organization and the teams that carry out our mission in the stores.
We have to have the policies in place that will support our projects and the availability of resources that will allow our efforts to continue. We have to implement an information sharing program that supports our message and our objectives. We have to identify and develop partnerships, understand the laws and guidelines that support our initiatives, maintain open and efficient communication, counsel and direct, and remain contemporary on the latest ideas, issues and technologies. All of this must come together within the framework of leadership that gives us purpose and drives us forward.
By capitalizing on opportunities to enhance our knowledge and education, we are making an investment in our own future. To learn more about developing a loss prevention program and the certification process, visit losspreventionfoundation.org.
This post was originally published in 2017 and was updated March 14, 2018.