Successful organized retail crime associations are typically independent, multi-jurisdictional, customer-centric, and a recognized non-profit to be best positioned to lead the public/private partnership and combat ORC.
Apprehension may or may not generate general and specific deterrence with some people. Detention can shame the offender or at least convince them to not try that crime again. Non-detention risks sending the message to those thieves and others aware of the policy that the store will not physically resist ongoing theft efforts. What does a retailer do?
The crime of shoplifting is as old as shopping itself. The first documented cases of shoplifting took place in 16th-century London and involved groups of men called “lifters” (early organized retail crime?).